It produces antipathy to control, and particularly to any direct control. Behind institutions, behind constitutional forms and modifications, lie the vital forces that call these organs into life and shape them to meet changing conditions.
The wilderness masters the colonist. The frontier is the line of most rapid and effective Americanization. But the democracy born of free land, strong in selfishness and individualism, intolerant of administrative experience and education, and pressing individual liberty beyond its proper bounds, has its dangers as well as its benefits.
Frederick Jackson Turner "The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development.
It takes him from the railroad car and puts him in the birch canoe. The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development.
Turner, Beard, Parrington New York: It discarded more European aspects that were no longer useful, for example established churches, established aristocracies, intrusive government, and control of the best land by a small gentry class. But the democracy born of free land, strong in selfishness and individualism, intolerant of administrative experience and education, and pressing individual liberty beyond its proper bounds, has its dangers as well as its benefits.
Gregory Mankiwhowever, state that the discrepancy has little to do with class rigidity; rather, it is a reflection of income disparity: Two theories in particular were influential, the " Frontier Thesis " and the "Sectional Hypothesis".
Young argues that after the end of the Cold War inneoconservative intellectuals and policymakers embraced the idea of an "American empire," a national mission to establish freedom and democracy in other nations, particularly poor ones.
The wilderness masters the colonist. He retired in but continued his research until his death in It was on this forboding note that he closed his address: In this connection may be noted also the influence of frontier conditions in permitting lax business honor inflated paper currency and wild-cat banking.
Backgrounds Versus Frontier New York: What evidence does he provide for his argument. Rather than lamenting the closing of the frontier, Roosevelt presented a simple solution: University of Oklahoma Press, This perennial rebirth, this fluidity of American life, this expansion westward with its new opportunities, its continuous touch with the simplicity of primitive society, furnish the forces dominating American character.
The region between the urbanized society and the untamed wilderness, the frontier, according to Turner's argument, has always remained the source for the persistence of the exceptionalism or uniqueness of the United States of America.
The discarding notions included the superiority of aristocracies, government's excessive intrusion, and the control of huge fertile lands by a feeble gentry class.
Turner's contribution to American history was to argue that the frontier past best explained the distinctive history of the United States. In this connection may be noted also the influence of frontier conditions in permitting lax business honor inflated paper currency and wild-cat banking.
InFlora Lewis said that "Talk of U. Many, including historian Theodore Roosevelt, who later became president, believed that the end of the frontier represented the beginning of a new stage in American life and that the United States must expand overseas. Little by little he transforms the wilderness, but the outcome is not the old Europe, not simply the development of Germanic germs, any more than the first phenomenon was a case of reversion to the Germanic mark.
In his free time, he studies the Lakota language and leads outdoor backpacking and rock climbing trips. However, he adds, America is made exceptional by the intensity with which these characteristics are concentrated there.
The popularity of Turner's thesis lies in the fact that it was based upon not only on realistic historical evidences but was also based on an evolutionary model.
HuntingtonMona Harrington, John P. The true point of view in the history of this nation is not the Atlantic coast, it is the great West Many a State that now declines any connection with the tenets of the Populists, itself adhered to such ideas in an earlier Stage of the development of the State. Roberts and DiCuirci ask: It's going to take a generation or so to reclaim American exceptionalism.
By the late s, other academic critics started mocking the extreme chauvinism displayed by the modern usage of exceptionalism. 14 THE GREAT DEPRESSION American exceptionalism (remember the Turner thesis?) Hoover fails to adapt and recognize profound changes in the American economy Labor now a factor of consumption, not production Rise of a consumer society demanded greater intervention by the state; even big business called for more intervention Hoover was concerned with the consequences, not the causes of the.
Proponents of American exceptionalism often claim that the "American spirit" or the "American identity" was created at the frontier (following Frederick Jackson Turner's Frontier Thesis), where rugged and untamed conditions gave birth to American national vitality.
Sep 25, · Best Answer: The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis is the conclusion of Frederick Jackson Turner that the wellsprings of American exceptionalism and vitality have always been the American frontier, the region between urbanized, civilized society and the untamed wilderness.
In the thesis, the frontier created freedom, "breaking the bonds of Status: Resolved. Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA.
In what ways is Turner's thesis a statement of American hegemony at the moment of the s, both with regards to that normative American and American territorial expansion? Further Readings: John Mack Faragher, Rereading Frederick Jackson Turner: The Significance of the Frontier in American History, and Other Essays (New York, N.Y.: H.
Holt. With these words, Frederick Jackson Turner laid the foundation for modern historical study of the American West and presented a "frontier thesis" that continues to influence historical thinking.Turner thesis american exceptionalism